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4th International Conference on Spine and Spinal Disorders, will be organized around the theme “Exploring innovations for a better robust Spine health”

Spine Congress 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Spine Congress 2018

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Without spine life doesn't exist. The spine or the spinal column is an element of the skeletal structure. The vertebrates are separated by intervertebral discs. It has different regions cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum and coccyx that absolutely accounts to thirty three vertebrae. This vertebral column provides main support for your body, to sit, stand, twist, bend, walk, run and conjointly protect the spinal cord from injury. A healthy spine ought to contribute stronger bones and muscles, sensitive nerves, and versatile tendons and ligaments. Yet, any of those structures suffering from strain, injury, or disease will cause pain.

  • Track 1-1Spinal cord
  • Track 1-2Cervical spine
  • Track 1-3Thoracic spine
  • Track 1-4Lumbar spine
  • Track 1-5Sacrum
  • Track 1-6Coccyx
  • Track 1-7Ligaments

A spinal tumor is an abnormal growth of cells in or surrounding the spinal cord. Spinal tumors can occur inside the spinal cord, in the membranes (meninges) covering the spinal cord and between the meninges and bones of the spine. Most tumors in the spine spread from other part of the body into the spinal region and cause pain and are known as metastatic. In women, spinal tumors most frequently spread from cancer that originates in the breast or lung. In men, it most frequently spread from cancer that originates in the prostate or lung. And the tumors that   occur in the vertebral column, and grow either from the bone or disc elements of the spine. They typically occur in younger adults. Osteogenic sarcoma (osteosarcoma) is the most common malignant bone tumor. Most primary spinal tumors are quite rare and usually grow slowly.

  • Track 2-1Vertebral Column Tumors
  • Track 2-2Primary spinal tumors
  • Track 2-3Metastatic tumors
  • Track 2-4Intradural- Extramedullary Tumors
  • Track 2-5Meningioma
  • Track 2-6Nerve sheath tumors
  • Track 2-7Intramedullary Tumors

Spina Bifida is a type of birth defect called a neural tube defect. It occurs when the bones of the spine (vertebrae) don't form properly around part of the baby's spinal cord. Spina bifida can be mild or severe. The mild form is the most common. Some people may have a dimple, birthmark, or hairy patch on their back. A rare and more severe form is meningocele . In this form, fluid leaks out of the spine and pushes against the skin. In many cases, there are no other symptoms. The most rare and severe form is myelomeningocele. Part of the spinal nerves push out of the spinal canal, and the nerves are often damaged.

  • Track 3-1Occulta
  • Track 3-2Meningocele
  • Track 3-3Myelomeningocele
  • Track 3-4Diagnosis of spina bifida
  • Track 3-5Advanced treatment

Spondylolisthesis is a condition in which one vertebra displaces either forward or anterior over another, commonly involving the fifth lumbar vertebra. It most often occurs in the lower spine. In some cases, this may lead to your spinal cord or nerve roots being squeezed. This can cause back pain and numbness or weakness in one or both legs. In rare cases, it can also lead to losing control over your bladder or bowels. Spondylolisthesis may be caused by any of a number of problems with the small joints in your back. You could have a defective joint that you've had since birth (congenital), a joint damaged by an accident or other trauma, a vertebra with a stress fracture caused from overuse of the joint. A joint damaged by an infection or arthritis.

  • Track 4-1Retrolisthesis
  • Track 4-2Hangman’s fracture
  • Track 4-3Degenerative spondylolisthesis
  • Track 4-4Dysplastic spondylolisthesis
  • Track 4-5Isthmic spondylolisthesis
  • Track 4-6Traumatic spondylolisthesis

Spinal stenosis is an abnormal narrowing (stenosis) of the vertebral canal that will occur in any of the regions of the spine. This narrowing causes a restriction to the vertebral canal, leading to injury of nerves that travel through the spine to your arms and legs. Spinal could be a condition, largely in adults fifty and older. This could cause pain, tingling, numbness, muscle weakness, and issues with normal bladder or gut perform. The leading reason for spinal stenosis is arthritis, a condition caused by the breakdown of cartilage -- the cushioned material between your bones. It happens most frequently within the lower back and therefore the neck. Spinal stenosis is most typically caused by wear-and-tear changes within the spine associated with arthritis.

  • Track 5-1Cervical stenosis
  • Track 5-2Laminectomy
  • Track 5-3Lateral spinal stenosis
  • Track 5-4Central stenosis
  • Track 5-5Far lateral stenosis
  • Track 5-6Stenosis surgery

Whiplash is usually related to automobile accidents, sometimes once the vehicle has been hit within the rear, but the injury may be sustained in several different ways in which, together with head banging, bungee cord jumping and falls that describing a variety of injuries to the neck or unforeseen distortion of the neck related to extension. It also may be delineate as an unforeseen strain to the muscles, bones and nerves within the neck. Whiplash is usually not a life threatening injury; however it will result in a chronic period of partial incapacity. In UK, 430,000 individuals made a claim for whiplash in 2007. There are vital economic expenses associated with whiplash which will reach thirty billion dollars a year within the US, including medical care, disability, sick leave, lost productivity, and litigation.

  • Track 6-1Prevention
  • Track 6-2Management
  • Track 6-3Prognosis
  • Track 6-4Epidemiology
  • Track 6-5Treatment and drugs

Spine deformity happens as a result of an irregular alignment of the spine or unnatural curvature. It can be side-to-side curvature or front-to-back curvature and harm the spine. Deformities don't cause pain unless the modification in structure of the spine restricts movement or reduces space within the canal and puts pressure on the nerves there. These conditions can arise for a range of reasons, including inborn deformity (deformity gift at birth), age-related degeneration, sickness processes like tumors or infections, alternative conditions, or idiopathic causes (causes that aren't nonetheless understood).

  • Track 7-1Scoliosis
  • Track 7-2Kyphosis
  • Track 7-3Lordosis
  • Track 7-4Spinal arachnoiditis
  • Track 7-5Achondroplasia

spinal cord injury is damage to the spinal cord either temporarily  or permanently and disrupts the signals. Spinal cord injuries usually begin with a blow that fractures or dislocates your vertebrae, the bone disks that structure your spineSpinal cord injuries can be classified as complete or incomplete. In a "complete" spinal injury, all functions below the injured area are lost. As a result, you're paralyzed below the injury. With an incomplete injury, you've got some movement and sensation below the injury. A spinal cord injury is a severe medical emergency. Immediate treatment will cut back long-term effects. Treatments include surgery, medicine and rehabilitation therapy.

  • Track 8-1Anterior cord syndrome
  • Track 8-2Central cord syndrome
  • Track 8-3Brown sequard syndrome
  • Track 8-4Posterior cord syndrome
  • Track 8-5Conus medullaris and cauda equina syndromes

Spinal disc herniation is the condition which affects spine, where the outer, fibrous ring of an intervertebral disc ruptures and squeezes the soft, central portion to bulge out. Disc herniation is usually due to age-related degeneration of the outer ring. This tear in the disc ring may result in the release of chemicals causing inflammation and compresses a nearby nerve which may directly cause severe pain even in the absence of nerve root compression. Most authors favor degeneration of the intervertebral disc as the major cause of spinal disc herniation and cite trauma as a low cause. Disc degeneration occurs both with degenerative disc disease and aging.

  • Track 9-1Cervical disc herniation
  • Track 9-2Lumbar disc herniation
  • Track 9-3Intradural disc herniation
  • Track 9-4Diagnosis
  • Track 9-5Treatment

spinal cord disorder can be recognized based on its characteristic pattern of symptoms. Diagnostic tests are used to determine what's inflicting back pain or wherever within the back the cause is found. Physical therapy, imaging tests, or injections into the spine will all be used to diagnose the source of back pain. An imaging test is done to verify the diagnosis and confirm the cause, likewise as abnormalities within the soft tissues round the twine (such as abscesses, hematomas, tumors, and burst disks) and in bone (such as tumors, fractures, and cervical spondylosis).

  • Track 10-1Physical examination
  • Track 10-2MRI Scan (Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Track 10-3X-rays
  • Track 10-4Myelogram
  • Track 10-5EMG/SSP (Electrodiagnostic Study)

Syringomyelia is a condition characterized by a fluid-filled cavity or cyst called a syrinx that forms inside the medulla spinalis. It is a chronic condition and a syrinx will expand over time pressing or destroying the encircling nervous tissue. A wide type of symptoms will probably be related to syringomyelia relying upon the scale and precise location of the syrinx. The injury might lead to loss of pain, paralysis, weakness, and stiffness within the back, shoulders, and extremities. 

  • Track 11-1Congenital cause
  • Track 11-2Acquired cause
  • Track 11-3Pathogenesis
  • Track 11-4Diagnosis
  • Track 11-5Treatment

Medication is a remedy to treat or cure disease and helps to urge back of pain and normal function of the body. Medication for spinal disorder include physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medications like anti-inflammatory drug, traction, or epidural steroid injection usually provide adequate relief of distressing symptoms, spinal surgeries, spine medical aid, non-surgical strategies, pain management techniques.

  • Track 12-1Physical therapy
  • Track 12-2Rehabilitation therapy
  • Track 12-3Spinal manipulation
  • Track 12-4Spinal surgery
  • Track 12-5Spinal injections
  • Track 12-6Spine therapy

Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) is a surgery of spine using smaller incisions causing less harm to muscles and tissues and is a less painful procedure while giving faster recovery. The surgeon while performing the surgery uses an operating microscope while viewing real-time X-ray images of the spine. This kind of surgery is sometimes performed using thin-needles and a medical instrument to visually guide the surgery. The goal of minimally invasive surgery is to scale back operative pain and blood loss, speed recovery, and reduce scarring, tiny incisions, low risk of infection, short hospital stay. Surgeons can use MISS only for some types of spine surgery. These include laminectomy, lumbar discectomy, and spinal fusion. Spinal surgery is advised only in conditions such as- Fractured vertebra, Herniated disc, Infection in the spine, Spinal deformities, Spinal instability, Spinal stenosis, Spondylolysis, Tumour in the spine, and degenerative spine conditions.

There are 3 main minimally invasive spine surgery techniques- Mini-open, Tubular and Endoscopic procedures. Mini-open procedure is similar to an open procedure, with fewer risks because the incision is smaller. The advances in visualization during surgery have made this procedure a success. Tubular procedure involves a tubular retractor. Endoscopic procedure uses an endoscope to pass through incisions towards spine. The incision made is smaller than a key-hole. But, only specialists use spinal endoscopy as it is one of the most advanced techniques. 

  • Track 13-1MIS Lumbar Discectomy
  • Track 13-2VATS
  • Track 13-3Smith-Petersen osteotomy
  • Track 13-4MIS Corpectomy
  • Track 13-5Kyphoplasty
  • Track 13-6XLIF
  • Track 13-7TDR
  • Track 13-8ALIF
  • Track 13-9ALL Resection
  • Track 13-10Anterior Cervical Discectomy
  • Track 13-11Tubular MISS
  • Track 13-12Pedicle subtraction osteotomy
  • Track 13-13Mini-open MISS
  • Track 13-14Computer Assisted Navigations
  • Track 13-15Endoscopic MISS
  • Track 13-16Laser MISS
  • Track 13-17MIS Lumbar Fusion
  • Track 13-18Complications

In recent years, a boost in research and development has taken place in the area of spine health and its physiological and psychological basis that has ultimately result in effective management of spine health and treatments that might provide complete or partial pain relief. For a better spine you ought to watch out for spine disorders and back pain. Management of spine health draws on several disciplines in science and also the healing arts to consistently study pain, its prevention, evaluation, diagnosis and treatment, as well as the rehabilitation of painful disorders.

  • Track 14-1 Pain management
  • Track 14-2Chronic pain management
  • Track 14-3Spine specialist
  • Track 14-4Sprains and strains